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All Excel Worksheet Functions, with Links to Help Topics

Excel offers a total of 466 worksheet functions in versions 2003 through 2013. Here's a complete list, with links to help topics for all of them.


by Charley Kyd, MBA
Microsoft Excel MVP, 2005-2014
The Father of Spreadsheet Dashboard Reports

Also of Interest:

Note 1: If an ExcelUser link has "(begun)" after the function name, the topic isn't complete...and usually isn't worth reading.

Note 2: Example workbooks are available for most of the completed functions. You can download all available workbooks with those examples here, in one zip file. As I add more example workbooks to the zip file, I'll pass the word to everyone who's downloaded any examples or purchased any products.

Note 3: The Example workbooks are all "xlsm" workbooks. That is, they are macro workbooks for Office 2007 and after. This is because they all contain a User Defined Function (UDF) to display the formula for a specified cell.

Function & Link to
Microsoft Help
Function & Link to
ExcelUser Help
& Downloads
Description
ABS ABS Returns the absolute value of a number
ACCRINT Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest
ACCRINTM Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity
ACOS Returns the arccosine of a number
ACOSH Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number
ACOT Returns the arccotangent of a number
ACOTH Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number
ADDRESS ADDRESS Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet
AGGREGATE AGGREGATE Applies one of 19 aggregation functions to a list or table, optionally ignores hidden rows or errors, and returns the result.
AMORDEGRC Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient
AMORLINC Returns the depreciation for each accounting period
AND AND Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE
ARABIC Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number
AREAS Returns the number of areas in a reference
ASC Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters
ASIN Returns the arcsine of a number
ASINH Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number
ATAN Returns the arctangent of a number
ATAN2 Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates
ATANH Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number
AVEDEV Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean
AVERAGE AVERAGE Returns the average of its arguments
AVERAGEA AVERAGEA Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
AVERAGEIF AVERAGEIF Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria
AVERAGEIFS AVERAGEIFS Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria.
BAHTTEXT Converts a number to text, using the (baht) currency format
BASE Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base)
BESSELI Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)
BESSELJ Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)
BESSELK Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)
BESSELY Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)
BETA.DIST BETA.DIST Returns the beta cumulative distribution function
BETA.INV BETA.INV (begun) Returns the inverse of the beta cumulative probability density function
BETADIST Returns the beta cumulative distribution function
BETAINV Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
BIN2DEC Converts a binary number to decimal
BIN2HEX Converts a binary number to hexadecimal
BIN2OCT Converts a binary number to octal
BINOM.DIST BINOM.DIST Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
BINOM.DIST.RANGE Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution
BINOM.INV BINOM.INV (begun) Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
BINOMDIST Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
BITAND Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers
BITLSHIFT Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits
BITOR Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers
BITRSHIFT Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits
BITXOR Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers
CALL Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource
CEILING CEILING Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
CEILING.MATH CEILING.MATH Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
CEILING.PRECISE CEILING.PRECISE Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.
CELL Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell (This function is not available in Excel Web App.)
CHAR CHAR Returns the character specified by the code number
CHIDIST Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHIINV Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.DIST CHISQ.DIST (begun) Returns the cumulative beta probability density function
CHISQ.DIST.RT Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.INV CHISQ.INV (begun) Returns the inverse of the left-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution.
CHISQ.INV.RT Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.TEST Returns the test for independence
CHITEST Returns the test for independence
CHOOSE CHOOSE Chooses a value from a list of values
CLEAN CLEAN Removes all nonprintable characters from text
CODE CODE Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string
COLUMN COLUMN Returns the column number of a reference
COLUMNS COLUMNS Returns the number of columns in a reference
COMBIN Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects
COMBINA Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items
COMPLEX Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number
CONCATENATE Joins several text items into one text item
CONFIDENCE Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
CONFIDENCE.NORM Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
CONFIDENCE.T Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution
CONVERT Converts a number from one measurement system to another
CORREL Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets
COS Returns the cosine of a number
COSH Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
COT Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
COTH Returns the cotangent of an angle
COUNT COUNT Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments
COUNTA COUNTA Counts how many values are in the list of arguments
COUNTBLANK COUNTBLANK Counts the number of blank cells within a range
COUNTIF COUNTIF Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria
COUNTIFS COUNTIFS Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria
COUPDAYBS Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date
COUPDAYS Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date
COUPDAYSNC Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date
COUPNCD Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date
COUPNUM Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date
COUPPCD Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date
COVAR Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
COVARIANCE.P Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
COVARIANCE.S Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets
CRITBINOM Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
CSC Returns the cosecant of an angle
CSCH Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle
CUBEKPIMEMBER Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance.
CUBEMEMBER Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube.
CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.
CUBERANKEDMEMBER Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students.
CUBESET Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.
CUBESETCOUNT Returns the number of items in a set.
CUBEVALUE Returns an aggregated value from a cube.
CUMIPMT Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods
CUMPRINC Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods
DATE DATE Returns the serial number of a particular date
DATEDIF Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates.
DATEVALUE DATEVALUE Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number
DAVERAGE Returns the average of selected database entries
DAY DAY Converts a serial number to a day of the month
DAYS DAYS Returns the number of days between two dates
DAYS360 DAYS360 (begun) Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year
DB Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method
DBCS Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters
DCOUNT Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database
DCOUNTA Counts nonblank cells in a database
DDB Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify
DEC2BIN Converts a decimal number to binary
DEC2HEX Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal
DEC2OCT Converts a decimal number to octal
DECIMAL Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number
DEGREES Converts radians to degrees
DELTA Tests whether two values are equal
DEVSQ Returns the sum of squares of deviations
DGET Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria
DISC Returns the discount rate for a security
DMAX Returns the maximum value from selected database entries
DMIN Returns the minimum value from selected database entries
DOLLAR Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format
DOLLARDE Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number
DOLLARFR Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction
DPRODUCT Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database
DSTDEV Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries
DSTDEVP Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries
DSUM Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria
DURATION Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments
DVAR Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries
DVARP Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries
EDATE EDATE Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date
EFFECT Returns the effective annual interest rate
ENCODEURL Returns a URL-encoded string
EOMONTH EOMONTH (begun) Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months
ERF Returns the error function
ERF.PRECISE Returns the error function
ERFC Returns the complementary error function
ERFC.PRECISE Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity
ERROR.TYPE Returns a number corresponding to an error type
EUROCONVERT Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation).
EVEN EVEN (begun) Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer
EXACT Checks to see if two text values are identical
EXP Returns e raised to the power of a given number
EXPON.DIST Returns the exponential distribution
EXPONDIST Returns the exponential distribution
F.DIST Returns the F probability distribution
F.DIST.RT Returns the (right-tailed) F probability distribution for two data sets.
F.INV F.INV (begun) Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
F.INV.RT Returns the inverse of the (right-tailed) F probability distribution. 
F.TEST Returns the result of an F-test
FACT Returns the factorial of a number
FACTDOUBLE Returns the double factorial of a number
FALSE FALSE (begun) Returns the logical value FALSE
FDIST F.DIST (begun) Returns the F probability distribution
FILTERXML Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath
FIND FIND (begun) Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)
FINDB Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) (double-byte)
FINV Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
FISHER Returns the Fisher transformation
FISHERINV Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation
FIXED Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals
FLOOR FLOOR Rounds a number down, toward zero
FLOOR.MATH FLOOR.MATH (begun) Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
FLOOR.PRECISE FLOOR.PRECISE Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.
FORECAST Returns a value along a linear trend
FORMULATEXT Returns the formula at the given reference as text
FREQUENCY FREQUENCY (begun) Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array
FTEST Returns the result of an F-test (Deprecated)
FV FV (begun) Returns the future value of an annuity
FVSCHEDULE Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates
GAMMA Returns the Gamma function value
GAMMA.DIST GAMMA.DIST (begun) Returns the gamma distribution
GAMMA.INV GAMMA.INV (begun) Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
GAMMADIST Returns the gamma distribution
GAMMAINV Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
GAMMALN Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)
GAMMALN.PRECISE Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)
GAUSS Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution
GCD Returns the greatest common divisor
GEOMEAN Returns the geometric mean
GESTEP Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value
GETPIVOTDATA GETPIVOTDATA (begun) Returns data stored in a PivotTable report
GROWTH GROWTH Returns values along an exponential trend
HARMEAN Returns the harmonic mean
HEX2BIN Converts a hexadecimal number to binary
HEX2DEC Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal
HEX2OCT Converts a hexadecimal number to octal
HLOOKUP HLOOKUP (begun) Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell
HOUR HOUR (begun) Converts a serial number to an hour
HYPERLINK Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet
HYPGEOM.DIST Returns the hypergeometric distribution
HYPGEOMDIST Returns the hypergeometric distribution
IF IF (begun) Specifies a logical test to perform
IFERROR IFERROR (begun) Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula
IFNA Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression
IMABS Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number
IMAGINARY Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number
IMARGUMENT Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians
IMCONJUGATE Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number
IMCOS Returns the cosine of a complex number
IMCOSH Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number
IMCOT Returns the cotangent of a complex number
IMCSC Returns the cosecant of a complex number
IMCSCH Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number
IMDIV Returns the quotient of two complex numbers
IMEXP Returns the exponential of a complex number
IMLN Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG10 Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG2 Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number
IMPOWER Returns a complex number raised to an integer power
IMPRODUCT Returns the product of complex numbers
IMREAL Returns the real coefficient of a complex number
IMSEC Returns the secant of a complex number
IMSECH Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number
IMSIN Returns the sine of a complex number
IMSINH Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number
IMSQRT Returns the square root of a complex number
IMSUB Returns the difference between two complex numbers
IMSUM Returns the sum of complex numbers
IMTAN Returns the tangent of a complex number
INDEX INDEX Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array
INDIRECT INDIRECT (begun) Returns a reference indicated by a text value
INFO Returns information about the current operating environment (NOTEThis function is not available in Excel Web App.)
INT INT Rounds a number down to the nearest integer
INTERCEPT Returns the intercept of the linear regression line
INTRATE Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security
IPMT IPMT (begun) Returns the interest payment for an annuity for a given period
IRR IRR (begun) Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows
ISBLANK Returns TRUE if the value is blank
ISERR ISERR (begun) Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A
ISERROR Returns TRUE if the value is any error value
ISEVEN Returns TRUE if the number is even
ISFORMULA Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula
ISLOGICAL Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value
ISNA ISNA (begun) Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value
ISNONTEXT Returns TRUE if the value is not text
ISNUMBER Returns TRUE if the value is a number
ISO.CEILING ISO.CEILING (begun) Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
ISODD Returns TRUE if the number is odd
ISOWEEKNUM ISOWEEKNUM (begun) Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date
ISPMT Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an annuity
ISREF Returns TRUE if the value is a reference
ISTEXT Returns TRUE if the value is text
JIS Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters
KURT Returns the kurtosis of a data set
LARGE LARGE (begun) Returns the k-th largest value in a data set
LCM Returns the least common multiple
LEFT LEFT (begun) Returns the leftmost characters from a text value
LEFTB Returns the leftmost characters from a text value (double-byte)
LEN LEN (begun) Returns the number of characters in a text string
LENB Returns the number of characters in a text string (double-byte)
LINEST LINEST Returns the parameters of a linear trend
LN Returns the natural logarithm of a number
LOG Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base
LOG10 Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number
LOGEST LOGEST Returns the parameters of an exponential trend
LOGINV Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution
LOGNORM.DIST LOGNORM.DIST (begun) Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
LOGNORM.INV LOGNORM.INV (begun) Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution
LOGNORMDIST Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
LOOKUP LOOKUP (begun) Looks up values in a vector or array
LOWER LOWER (begun) Converts text to lowercase
MATCH MATCH Looks up values in a reference or array
MAX MAX (begun) Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments
MAXA Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MDETERM Returns the matrix determinant of an array
MDURATION Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100
MEDIAN MEDIAN Returns the median of the given numbers
MID MID (begun) Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify
MIDB Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify (double-byte)
MIN MIN (begun) Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments
MINA Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MINUTE MINUTE (begun) Converts a serial number to a minute
MINVERSE Returns the matrix inverse of an array
MIRR MIRR (begun) Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates
MMULT MMULT (begun) Returns the matrix product of two arrays
MOD MOD (begun) Returns the remainder from division
MODE MODE (begun) Returns the most common value in a data set
MODE.MULT Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data
MODE.SNGL MODE.SNGL (begun) Returns the most common value in a data set
MONTH MONTH Converts a serial number to a month
MROUND MROUND (begun) Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple
MULTINOMIAL Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers
MUNIT Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension
N N (begun) Returns a value converted to a number
NA NA (begun) Returns the error value #N/A
NEGBINOM.DIST NEGBINOM.DIST (begun) Returns the negative binomial distribution
NEGBINOMDIST Returns the negative binomial distribution
NETWORKDAYS NETWORKDAYS (begun) Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates
NETWORKDAYS.INTL NETWORKDAYS.INTL Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days
NOMINAL Returns the annual nominal interest rate
NORM.DIST NORM.DIST (begun) Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORM.INV NORM.INV (begun) Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORM.S.DIST NORM.S.DIST (begun) Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORM.S.INV NORM.S.INV  (begun) Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution.
NORMDIST Returns the normal cumulative distribution (Deprecated)
NORMINV NORMINV (begun) Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution (Deprecated)
NORMSDIST Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution (Deprecated)
NORMSINV Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution (Deprecated)
NOT NOT (begun) Reverses the logic of its argument
NOW NOW (begun) Returns the serial number of the current date and time
NPER NPER (begun) Returns the number of periods for an annuity
NPV NPV (begun) Returns the net present value of an annuity based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate
NUMBERVALUE Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner
OCT2BIN Converts an octal number to binary
OCT2DEC Converts an octal number to decimal
OCT2HEX Converts an octal number to hexadecimal
ODD ODD (begun) Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer
ODDFPRICE Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period
ODDFYIELD Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period
ODDLPRICE Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period
ODDLYIELD Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period
OFFSET OFFSET Returns a reference offset from a given reference
OR OR (begun) Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE
PDURATION Returns the number of periods required by an annuity to reach a specified value
PEARSON Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
PERCENTILE PERCENTILE (begun) Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTILE.EXC PERCENTILE.EXC (begun) Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0 to 1, exclusive
PERCENTILE.INC PERCENTILE.INC (begun) Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0 to 1, inclusive.
PERCENTRANK PERCENTRANK (begun) Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
PERCENTRANK.EXC PERCENTRANK.EXC (begun) Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set
PERCENTRANK.INC PERCENTRANK.INC (begun) Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
PERMUT Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects
PERMUTATIONA Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects
PHI Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution
PHONETIC Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string
PI Returns the value of pi
PMT PMT Returns the periodic payment for an annuity
POISSON Returns the Poisson distribution
POISSON.DIST Returns the Poisson distribution
POWER Returns the result of a number raised to a power
PPMT PPMT (begun) Returns the payment on the principal for an annuity for a given period
PRICE Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest
PRICEDISC Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security
PRICEMAT Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity
PROB Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits (double-byte)
PRODUCT PRODUCT (begun) Multiplies its arguments
PROPER PROPER (begun) Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value
PV PV (begun) Returns the present value of an annuity
QUARTILE QUARTILE Returns the quartile of a data set
QUARTILE.EXC QUARTILE.EXC Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive
QUARTILE.INC QUARTILE.INC Returns the quartile of a data set
QUOTIENT Returns the integer portion of a division
RADIANS Converts degrees to radians
RAND RAND Returns a random number between 0 and 1
RANDBETWEEN RANDBETWEEN (begun) Returns a random number between the numbers you specify
RANK RANK (begun) Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RANK.AVG RANK.AVG (begun) Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RANK.EQ RANK.EQ (begun) Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RATE RATE (begun) Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity
RECEIVED Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security
REGISTER.ID Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered
REPLACE REPLACE (begun) Replaces characters within text
REPLACEB Replaces characters within text (double-byte)
REPT Repeats text a given number of times
RIGHT RIGHT (begun) Returns the rightmost characters from a text value
RIGHTB Returns the rightmost characters from a text value (double-byte)
ROMAN Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text
ROUND ROUND Rounds a number to a specified number of digits
ROUNDDOWN ROUNDDOWN Rounds a number down, toward zero
ROUNDUP ROUNDUP Rounds a number up, away from zero
ROW ROW Returns the row number of a reference
ROWS ROWS Returns the number of rows in a reference
RRI Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an annuity
RSQ Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
RTD Retrieves real-time data from a program that supportsCOM automation
SEARCH SEARCH (begun) Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)
SEARCHB Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) (double-byte)
SEC Returns the secant of an angle
SECH Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle
SECOND SECOND (begun) Converts a serial number to a second
(None Known) SERIES (begun) Represents a data series in the active chart. This function is used only in charts; you cannot use it in worksheets.
SERIESSUM Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula
SHEET Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet
SHEETS Returns the number of sheets in a reference
SIGN SIGN (begun) Returns the sign of a number
SIN Returns the sine of the given angle
SINH Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number
SKEW Returns the skewness of a distribution
SKEW.P Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population:  a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean
SLN Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period
SLOPE Returns the slope of the linear regression line
SMALL SMALL (begun) Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set
SQL.REQUEST Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming
SQRT Returns a positive square root
SQRTPI Returns the square root of (number * pi)
STANDARDIZE Returns a normalized value
STDEV STDEV Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEV.P STDEV.P Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
STDEV.S STDEV.S Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEVA Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
STDEVP STDEVP Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
STDEVPA Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
STEYX STEYX Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression
SUBSTITUTE SUBSTITUTE (begun) Substitutes new text for old text in a text string
SUBTOTAL SUBTOTAL Returns a subtotal of the visible (unfiltered) items in a list or database
SUM SUM (begun) Adds its arguments
SUMIF SUMIF Adds the cells specified by a given criteria
SUMIFS SUMIFS Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria
SUMPRODUCT SUMPRODUCT Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components
SUMSQ Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments
SUMX2MY2 Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMX2PY2 Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMXMY2 Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays
SYD Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period
T T (begun) Converts its arguments to text
T.DIST T.DIST (begun) Returns the Student's left-tailed t-distribution.
T.DIST.2T T.DIST.2T (begun) Returns the cumulative, two-tailed Student's t-distribution.
T.DIST.RT Returns the cumulative, right-tailed Student's t-distribution.
T.INV T.INV (begun) Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom
T.INV.2T T.INV.2T (begun) Returns the two-tailed inverse of the Student's t-distribution.
T.TEST Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test
TAN Returns the tangent of a number
TANH Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number
TBILLEQ Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill
TBILLPRICE Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill
TBILLYIELD Returns the yield for a Treasury bill
TDIST Returns the Student's t-distribution
TEXT TEXT (begun) Formats a number and converts it to text
TIME TIME (begun) Returns the serial number of a particular time
TIMEVALUE TIMEVALUE (begun) Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number
TINV Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution
TODAY TODAY (begun) Returns the serial number of today's date
TRANSPOSE TRANSPOSE (begun) Returns the transpose of an array
TREND TREND Returns values along a linear trend
TRIM TRIM (begun) Removes spaces from text
TRIMMEAN TRIMMEAN (begun) Returns the mean of the interior of a data set
TRUE TRUE (begun) Returns the logical value TRUE
TRUNC TRUNC Truncates a number to an integer
TTEST Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test
TYPE Returns a number indicating the data type of a value
UNICHAR UNICHAR Returns the Unicode character that is referenced by the given numeric value
UNICODE UNICODE Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text
UPPER UPPER (begun) Converts text to uppercase
VALUE VALUE (begun) Converts a text argument to a number
VAR Estimates variance based on a sample
VAR.P VAR.P Calculates variance based on the entire population
VAR.S VAR.S Estimates variance based on a sample
VARA Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
VARP Calculates variance based on the entire population
VARPA Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
VDB Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method
VLOOKUP VLOOKUP Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell
WEBSERVICE Returns data from a web service.
WEEKDAY WEEKDAY (begun) Converts a date serial number to a day of the week
WEEKNUM WEEKNUM (begun) Converts a date serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year
WEIBULL Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
WEIBULL.DIST Returns the Weibull distribution
WORKDAY WORKDAY (begun) Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays
WORKDAY.INTL WORKDAY.INTL (begun) Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days, and which are holidays
XIRR Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
XNPV Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
XOR Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments
YEAR YEAR Converts a serial number to a year
YEARFRAC YEARFRAC (begun) Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date
YEN   Converts a number to text, using the (yen) currency format, with the number rounded to a specified place. (Mac 2011.)
YIELD Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest
YIELDDISC Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill
YIELDMAT Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity
Z.TEST Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test
ZTEST Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

 

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